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Hao Peng: Accelerate the transformation from managed enterprises to managed capital to form a state-owned asset supervision system mainly based on managed capital

时间: 2019-11-20 浏览量: 175 【字号: Source: Time: 2019-11-20 Views: 175 [Font size: Large, Medium and Small ]

The "Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Adhering to and Perfecting the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System and Governance Capability" (hereinafter referred to as the "Decision"), which was considered and approved by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, puts forward, The basic socialist economic system promotes high-quality economic development. The "Decision" emphasizes exploring various forms of realization of public ownership, advancing the optimization and structural adjustment of the state-owned economy, developing a mixed-ownership economy, enhancing the competitiveness, innovation, control, influence, and ability to resist risks of the state-owned economy. Large state capital. Deepen the reform of state-owned enterprises and improve the modern enterprise system with Chinese characteristics. Form a state-owned asset supervision system that focuses on managing capital, and effectively play the role of state-owned capital investment and operating companies. This is a major deployment made by Comrade Xi Jinping at the core of the party ’s central government and state undertakings to deepen the reform of state-owned and state-owned enterprises. It is an important part of adhering to and improving the basic socialist economic system and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. National state-owned assets supervision institutions should adhere to Xi Jinping's new era of socialist ideas with Chinese characteristics as a guide, thoroughly understand its significant significance and practical requirements, accelerate the transition from managing enterprises to managing capital, and form a state-owned asset supervision system focusing on managing capital. Stronger, better and larger state-owned capital and fostering world-class enterprises with global competitiveness provide strong institutional guarantees.

Deeply grasp the basic requirements for the transformation from managed enterprises to managed capital

A complete state-owned asset supervision system is an important guarantee for the reform and development of state-owned enterprises, and is of great significance for the development and expansion of the state-owned economy. The key to forming a state-owned asset supervision system that focuses on managed capital is to achieve a transformation from managed enterprise to managed capital. Judging from the 70 years since the founding of New China, the reform and improvement of the state-owned assets supervision system has gone through three stages. The first stage is the period of socialist construction after the founding of New China. At this stage, in line with the highly centralized and unified planned economic system, state-owned enterprises and state-owned assets are actually integrated into one, and the management of enterprises and assets are highly unified. The management of enterprises is the management of assets. The state mainly relies on direct management and development of state-owned enterprises to establish an independent, relatively complete, relatively large-scale and high-tech industrial system in a relatively short period of time, laying the foundation for China's basic economic system. The second stage is the 18th National Congress of the CPC since the reform and opening up. At this stage, in line with China's economic system shifting from a planned economy to a market economy, state-owned enterprises have undergone profound changes in the structure of property rights, organizational forms, and operating mechanisms during the reform and opening up. State-owned enterprises and state-owned assets no longer completely overlap. State-owned assets include both state-owned assets operated by wholly state-owned and wholly-owned enterprises, as well as state-owned assets operated by mixed-ownership enterprises with state-controlled and equity participation. Therefore, there is a difference between managing an enterprise and managing assets in terms of content, object, and method. In line with this, the reform of the state-owned assets management system has taken important steps. The central, provincial, and municipal three-level state-owned assets supervision system characterized by the combination of asset management, management, and management has effectively promoted the responsibility of maintaining and increasing the value of state-owned assets. The implementation of these policies has actively promoted the reform and development of state-owned enterprises. In the third stage since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has attached great importance to the reform of state-owned and state-owned enterprises, and pointed out that it is necessary to strengthen the supervision of state-owned assets by focusing on capital management, and accelerate the transition from managing enterprises to managing capital. The era of perfecting the state-owned assets supervision system has pointed out the direction and provided fundamental compliance. At this stage, to meet the requirements of marketization and international development, the state-owned enterprises have generally integrated with the market economy and have become independent market entities that follow market rules and participate in market competition on an equal basis. The economy of mixed ownership has become the main body of public ownership, An important form of realization of the basic economic system in which a variety of ownership economies develop together. Among the central enterprises supervised by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, the number of households with mixed ownership accounts for about 70%. The total assets and operating income of listed companies account for more than 60%, and the total profit accounts for more than 80%. In the development stage of equity diversification, the management model for wholly state-owned and wholly-owned enterprises is no longer applicable to state-controlled and equity-owned enterprises, and the management model for domestic state-owned enterprises is no longer applicable to "going global" state-owned enterprises. At the same time, the state-owned assets management system still has the problem of indiscriminate government and enterprise and government and capital issues, eliminating the offside, absence, and dislocation of state asset supervision, further improving the state asset supervision mechanism, optimizing the state-owned economic distribution structure, and increasing state capital Allocation efficiency is also urgently required to accelerate the transformation from managing enterprises to managing capital.

The change from managing an enterprise to managing capital is comprehensive, deep and fundamental. First, in terms of regulatory positioning and philosophy, it is necessary to shift from direct managers of state-owned enterprises to supervisors based on investment relations. "Management of the enterprise" emphasizes more directly the management of state-owned enterprises; "Management of the capital" pays more respect to the status of the corporate market and the property rights of corporate legal persons. This requires us to adhere to the separation of government and enterprises and the separation of government and capital, further clarify the responsibilities of state-owned assets regulatory agencies, practically change the regulatory concept of direct management, rely more on property rights relations and capital ties, rely more on the company's constitution and corporate governance structure, and more More measures are taken to exercise shareholder rights and play the role of directors to fulfill investor responsibilities, so that state-owned enterprises can truly become independent market entities that operate independently according to law, assume their own profits and losses, bear their own risks, self-restraint, and develop themselves. Second, in terms of supervision objects and priorities, it is necessary to shift from focusing on the individual development of enterprises to paying more attention to the overall function of state capital. "Managed enterprises" focus on micro-economic entities and pay more attention to the production and operation of individual state-owned enterprises; "managed capital" focuses on the value contribution of state-owned capital and pays more attention to the overall returns and control of state-owned capital. This requires us to break away from the inertia of simply supervising a single enterprise, treat state-owned capital as a whole, and strengthen overall research, systematic planning, overall control, and scale operation from the perspective of serving the party and the overall work of the country. 2. Promote the rational flow of state-owned capital, maintain and increase value at a higher level, promote the continuous development and growth of the state-owned economy, and better serve the strategic needs of the country. Third, in terms of supervision methods and methods, it is necessary to shift from mainly adopting administrative management methods to using more market-oriented legal methods. "Manage enterprises" rely more on administrative methods to regulate the production and operation of enterprises; "Manage capital" pays more attention to adjusting the relationship between the main body of interest within the framework of the rule of law and achieving regulatory goals through marketization. This requires us to focus on overcoming administrative thinking, practically change the way of exercising authority that emphasizes approval, light supervision, and weak services, adhere to decentralization, adhere to the power of the law and the right according to law, strictly in accordance with the rights and procedures of laws and regulations Performing duties, better transforming regulatory requirements into shareholders' will through marketization and rule of law, reflected in various tasks of corporate reform and development. Fourth, in terms of supervision orientation and effectiveness, we must shift from focusing on scale and speed to focusing on improving quality and efficiency. "Managed enterprise" pays more attention to the production and operation indicators of the enterprise, which easily leads to blind pursuit of growth; "Managed capital" pays more attention to the rational flow of capital, optimized allocation, and can better guide the enterprise to pursue the development of quality and efficiency. This requires us to adhere to quality first, efficiency first, and in accordance with the requirements of high-quality development, promote the state-owned enterprises to accelerate the transformation of development methods, achieve quality change, efficiency change, dynamic change, and continuously improve the quality and efficiency of state-owned economic development.

Constructing a Complete State-owned Assets Supervision System Based on Capital Management

Implement the requirements of the "Decision" and form a state-owned asset supervision system mainly based on capital management. National state-owned assets supervision institutions must adhere to the leadership of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important remarks on state-owned and state-owned enterprise reform and development and party building. , Adhere to the unification of livelihood and management, focus on the management of capital layout, standardize the operation of capital, improve capital returns, maintain capital security, adhere to the party's leadership, and strive to build a state-owned asset supervision system, and effectively strengthen the state-owned asset supervision system, targeted, Effectiveness.

The first is to focus on managing the capital layout and build an optimized structure adjustment system for the layout of state-owned capital. Adhere to the market-oriented, enterprise-oriented, advance and retreat, do something and do nothing, promote the optimization of state-owned capital layout and structural adjustment, and enhance the overall function and efficiency of the state-owned economy. Manage the layout of state-owned capital. The “14th Five-Year Plan” for the strategic adjustment of the layout and structure of state-owned capital nationwide was formulated, and overall adjustment and optimization of state-owned capital layout was coordinated. Strengthening strategic planning and guidance, focusing on national strategic needs and industrial development planning, guiding enterprises to focus on the main responsible investment in the industry, by formulating a negative list of investment projects, strengthening the management of the main business, and verifying the proportion of non-main business investment, etc. The important industries and key areas of security and the lifeblood of the national economy are concentrated, focusing on strategic emerging industries. Manage the layout and investment of state-owned capital. Promote more state-owned capital to invest in advanced manufacturing, revitalize the real economy, better support key core technology research, promote the establishment of an enterprise-oriented, market-oriented, industry-university-industrial technological innovation system, and support large and medium-sized enterprises and various entities Integrate innovation, promote the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, actively develop new kinetic energy, improve industrial basic capabilities and the level of industrial chain modernization, and play a role in accelerating the construction of a modern economic system. Manage the layout adjustment of state-owned capital. With supply-side structural reform as the main line, we will effectively promote strategic reorganization and professional integration of enterprises. Vigorously resolve excess production capacity, speed up the disposal of inefficient and ineffective assets, clear them as soon as possible through mergers and reorganizations, closures and cancellations, listing transfers, bankruptcy liquidation, etc., and realize the conversion of state-owned capital forms, so that state-owned capital can be used in more needed areas.

The second is to focus on standardizing capital operations and build a standardized and professional management system for state-owned capital. Adhere to the law as the criterion, based on property rights, and capital as the link, promote the standardized and professional management of state-owned capital, and organic integration with the market economy. Streamline the chain of custody of state-owned capital operations. State-owned assets regulatory agencies perform investor responsibilities for state-owned capital investments, operating companies, and other directly-supervised enterprises in accordance with the law. State-owned capital investments and operating companies perform shareholder responsibilities for invested enterprises, scientifically define the boundaries of ownership and management rights, and effectively use state-owned capital investments, The function of operating companies, increase the degree of delegation of power to enterprises, give them more autonomy, and further strengthen their dominant position in the market. Improve the supervision system for the operation of state-owned capital. Strengthen basic management work such as property rights registration, property rights circulation, asset evaluation, asset statistics, asset verification and verification, and strengthen the management and control of major operations of state-owned capital. Establish and improve the state-owned capital operating mechanism and basic management system, strengthen the company's articles of management, standardize the operation of the board of directors, and focus on fulfilling investor responsibilities in accordance with the law through the corporate governance structure of state-owned enterprises. Strengthen the dynamic supervision of the operation of state-owned capital. Establish an online supervision system for state-owned and state-owned enterprises to dynamically monitor and monitor real-time key links and major decision-making issues in the operation of enterprises. Strengthen the supervision of the circulation of state-owned property rights, increase the intensity of state-owned property market transactions, and promote state-owned enterprises to dispose of corporate assets at fair prices through capital markets such as securities transactions and property rights transactions.

The third is to focus on improving capital returns and building an efficient operating system of state-owned capital. Adhering to the goal of obeying the strategy of serving the country and promoting the preservation and appreciation of state-owned capital, through equity operation, value management, and orderly advancement, it promotes the rational flow of state-owned capital and improves the efficiency of state-owned capital operations. Improve the return on capital with scientific assessment guidance. Improve the assessment and evaluation index system, benchmark the world-class companies, highlight the guidance of enhancing competitiveness, innovation, control, influence, and anti-risk ability, properly handle the relationship between bigger and stronger, current and long-term, benefit and responsibility, and strengthen The assessment of improving quality and efficiency, serving the national strategy, accelerating innovation-driven development, and deepening structural reforms on the supply side, etc., is carried out with differentiated assessments of enterprises with different functional positioning, different industry fields, and different stages of development. Promote the return on capital with market-oriented mechanisms. Fully authorize decentralization, effectively reduce the approval and approval of investors, and minimize interference in production and operation activities. Improve incentives and constraints, guide and support the board of directors to strengthen the precise assessment of managers, promote the professional manager system, and promote the establishment and improvement of labor, capital, land, knowledge, technology, management, data and other production factors. Mechanism, coordinating the use of incentive policies such as equity incentives, dividend incentives, and employee stock ownership, and exploring the use of incentives such as excess profit sharing, virtual equity, and project follow-up, to stimulate the initiative and creativity of various types of personnel in the enterprise, and to promote corporate efficiency and the return of state-owned capital. constantly improving. Promote the return on capital with refined budget management. Optimize the budgetary expenditure structure of state-owned capital, increase the proportion of capital injection, and establish a standardized and market-based state-owned enterprise capital supplement mechanism. Implement the investor's income right, establish performance orientation, pay attention to the long-term return of state-owned capital, and guide enterprises to reflect the investor's intention in the direction of income collection and expenditure.

The fourth is to focus on maintaining capital security and building a full-chain supervision system for state-owned capital. Adhere to the responsibility of keeping the soil, and fulfill the responsibility of the soil, accelerate the establishment of a comprehensive coverage, clear division of labor, coordinated cooperation, and strong state-owned assets supervision system, prevent and resolve major risks, and effectively prevent the loss of state-owned assets. We should pinpoint the risk points of state-owned assets loss and strengthen supervision. Aiming at the company's capital layout, key business, key areas of reform, and important links in operations, it will strengthen supervision of key issues such as planning, investment, property rights, finance, assessment and allocation, selection and employment, and foreign-owned assets, especially to promote the strengthening of the internal control system. To achieve a complete system, comprehensive control and effective implementation. Find the right combination of supervision and coordination and consolidate the synergy of supervision. Promote the synergy between the supervision of investors and the supervision of disciplinary inspections, inspections, audits, etc., make full use of the results of supervision and inspection in various aspects, speed up the establishment of mechanisms for supervision consultation, lead transfer verification, and feedback feedback rectification, and give full play to the synergy of supervision. Improve the information disclosure system, strengthen the construction of information disclosure platforms, take the initiative to accept social supervision, increase the disclosure of state-owned assets supervision information, and disclose to the society the overall state-owned capital operation, the state-owned assets preservation and appreciation of enterprises and the overall assessment of operating performance, the state-owned assets supervision system And monitor the situation. Identify key points of accountability and improve supervision effectiveness. Strengthen post-event and post-event supervision, improve the supervisory accountability system and organizational system, and establish a clear and orderly accountability working mechanism with clear responsibilities, clear processes, and order. Strengthen accountability for violations, increase investigation and prosecution of major cases, effectively exert deterrence and containment, and effectively maintain the safety of state-owned assets.

Fifth, focus on adhering to the party's overall leadership and build a party-building system for state-owned capital holdings and equity participation in enterprises. Adhere to the party's overall leadership of state-owned enterprises, take improving corporate efficiency, enhance corporate competitiveness, and realize the preservation and appreciation of state-owned assets as the starting point and end point of party organization work in state-owned enterprises, and integrate party leadership and party building into the entire process of managing capital, In all aspects, ensure that state-owned capital always obeys the interests of the party and the people. For wholly state-owned, wholly-owned and controlled state-owned enterprises, efforts are made to build and improve the modern enterprise system with Chinese characteristics. Adhere to the "two consistents", unify the strengthening of the party's leadership and improve corporate governance, make better use of the leadership role of the party committee (party group) of state-owned enterprises, implement direction, manage the overall situation, ensure implementation, and ensure that party and state policies and major deployments State-owned enterprises have been resolutely implemented. For mixed-ownership enterprises in which state-owned capital is a shareholder, actively explore effective ways and means of party building. Establish party organization and carry out party work as a necessary prerequisite for state-owned enterprises to participate in joint ownership and promote reform of mixed ownership, rationalize the affiliation of party organizations, and clarify the setting method, responsibilities and management mode of party organizations based on the characteristics of different types of mixed ownership enterprises To ensure that where the state-owned capital flows, the party's construction will follow up and the role of the party organization will be exerted. Adhere to the strict and comprehensive management of the party and govern the party, and effectively improve the political functions and organizational capabilities of grassroots party organizations. Adhere to the principle of party management of cadres and play the role of market mechanism, combine capital management and supervision of people, further promote the building of party style and clean government and the fight against corruption, resolutely rectify formalism and bureaucracy, strengthen the foundation and make up for shortcomings. Working hard from top to bottom, we should build grass-roots party organizations into a strong battle fortress to propagate the party ’s ideas, implement the party ’s decisions, lead grass-roots governance, unite and mobilize the masses, and promote reform and development, and effectively transform the advantages of corporate party building into development advantages.

Provide strong guarantees and support for the formation of a state-owned asset supervision system focusing on managed capital

Implementing the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the CPC and forming a state-owned assets supervision system focusing on managing capital is a major political task in the state-owned and state-owned enterprises in the country. It is necessary to effectively strengthen its own construction and further promote the combination of simplified administration and decentralization and decentralization Optimize services, speed up the creation of high-quality professional state-owned assets supervision institutions and cadres, and achieve ideological recognition, role transition, and work advancement. With the most determined attitude, the most stringent requirements, the most powerful measures, and the most solid Work style, solidly promote the transformation of functions requires implementation.

The first is the loyalty to the party by state-owned assets regulatory agencies, and continually consolidates important material and political foundations for the party's administration. State-owned enterprises are an important material and political foundation of socialism with Chinese characteristics. To improve the state-owned assets supervision system and promote the transition from managing enterprises to managing capital, we must adhere to the leadership of political construction and constantly temper the political character of the party's loyalty to the party. It is necessary to further improve the political standing, proceeding from the overall situation of the party and state work and the state-owned state-owned enterprises' reform and development, plan to promote the transformation of functions, build and improve the capital management work system, accelerate the centralized and unified supervision of operating state-owned assets, and build a large-scale state-owned assets supervision pattern to form A game of state-owned assets supervision. It is necessary to further enhance political consciousness, strengthen political responsibility, and take the acceleration of self-reform and the promotion of functional transformation as practical actions to strengthen the "four consciousnesses", strengthen the "four self-confidences", and achieve "two safeguards", and earnestly fulfill their duties to the party , Supervise, protect and develop state-owned assets, strengthen and expand state-owned capital; effectively achieve national strength and accelerate the cultivation of world-class enterprises with global competitiveness, so that the state-owned economy will always become the Chinese nation standing in the world The strong backing of the forest of nations; earnestly benefit the people, promote the great development and progress of state-owned enterprises and state-owned enterprises, and make the fruits of reform and development more beneficial to the people and better satisfy the people's longing for a better life.

The second is the professional supervision of state-owned assets supervision agencies to effectively improve the quality level of state-owned assets supervision. Adapt to the new situation and new tasks, and make great efforts to make up for the weaknesses of the state-owned supervisory cadre's weaknesses and ensure the high-quality and high-level management of state-owned capital. It is necessary to strengthen the learning of state-owned assets supervision business knowledge, strive to master professional knowledge and related knowledge in finance, finance, law, etc., and continuously improve the ability to grasp the state-owned assets supervision law and the law of enterprise development. We must actively respond to new situations, new problems, and new challenges encountered in the process of transitioning from managed enterprises to managed capital, comprehensively find non-conformities, inadequacy, and inadequate problems, and have the courage to explore and practice boldly. Functional transformation requires implementation. It is necessary to strengthen the improvement of practical capabilities, in-depth enterprise and front-line investigations to understand the expectations and requirements for strengthening the supervision of state-owned assets based on capital management, especially to investigate and research in places with more difficulties, complex situations, and sharp contradictions. Find the golden key to solving the problem.

Third, the state-owned regulatory agency's excellent style has reassured the party and the people and satisfied the enterprises. It is necessary to strengthen the awareness of the system, seriously implement the state-owned assets supervision system, improve the authoritative and efficient system implementation mechanism, and implement the "two maintenances" in consciously respecting the system, strictly implementing the system, and resolutely maintaining the system to ensure that the party's central government's decision-making deployment in the field of state-owned and state-owned enterprises Fully implemented. At the same time, if problems are found during the implementation, adjustments should be made in a timely manner. It is necessary to reform and innovate, to work hard, to inspire the spirit of entrepreneurship, and to stimulate positive energy. For the key tasks of capital management that have been clearly defined, adhere to the leading role of the word, hold fast to the task, and nail the spirit one by one. Xiang firmly grasped the position. We must serve development, be diligent and fulfill our responsibilities, put the cause on our hearts, and shoulder our responsibilities on our shoulders. We must firmly grasp the top priority of development, include supervision in services, and win the trust of enterprises and the reputation of the masses with professional and high-level services. It is necessary to work hard, be honest and honest, vigorously promote the spirit of hard work, entrepreneurship, and industry, firmly establish the correct outlook on power, status, and interests, always put discipline and rules first, strictly implement the spirit of the eight central regulations and implementation rules, and resolutely oppose "Four Winds", refraining from formalism and bureaucracy, doing things in an orderly manner, acting out of public will, consciously accepting the supervision of party organizations and the people, always maintaining the integrity of a clean and honest politics, resolutely being a loyal and clean guard of state-owned assets, and pragmatic for the people Clean public servants.

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