2019 is a "double celebration" year for Daqing Petroleum.
On the 70th anniversary of the founding of New China and the 60th anniversary of the discovery of Daqing Oilfield, General Secretary Xi Jinping sent a congratulatory letter to Daqing Oilfield:
Sixty years ago, the CPC Central Committee made a major decision on the eastward shift of its petroleum exploration strategy. The vast number of oil and geological workers have found the Daqing Oilfield painstakingly, turning a page of historical significance in the history of China's petroleum development. Over the past 60 years, several generations of Daqing people have worked hard and worked hard to build China's largest oil production base on the ancient wasteland. The outstanding contribution of Daqing Oilfield has been engraved on the historical monument of the great motherland. The spirit of Daqing and the Iron Man have become an important part of the great spirit of the Chinese nation.
The deep care and enthusiastic entrustment of General Secretary Xi Jinping made more than 200,000 Daqing Oilers extremely inspiring. During this "double celebration" year, the research team entered this glorious land.
Honor the nation and the nation
On September 26, 1959, the industrial oil flow from Songji Mitsui in the northern Songliao Basin coincided with the 10th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. Daqing. "
The development and construction of the Daqing Oilfield shattered the plot of international hostile forces to use oil as a weapon to politically isolate, economically blockade, and threaten military forces against New China; it broke the prophecy of Western experts that China was a lean country, The "lean oil" hat was thrown into the Pacific Ocean, making China's oil industry's backbone stand in the east of the world.
For 60 years, Daqing has extracted 2.39 billion tons of crude oil for the Republic.
For 60 years, Daqing has contributed 132 billion cubic meters of natural gas to the Republic.
In the past 60 years, Daqing has paid taxes and fees of 2.9 trillion yuan and various funds for the Republic.
Every number is engraved with the footprints of the New China Petroleum strugglers, casting the blood and sweat of tens of millions of oil people.
To Daqing, we have to go to the 1205 drilling team.
This team that has broken the records of the "Ace" drilling team in the United States and the "Merit" drilling team in the Soviet Union's Greenia is called the "Iron and Steel" drilling team. The current party branch secretary is called Liu Dewei, and his plain face is tanned. The first sentence he said to the research team was: "Comrade Xi Jinping came to our team 10 years ago and told us to 'carry the red flag all the way'. We Keep it in mind at all times! "On August 9, this year, the 1205 team's domestic cumulative footage exceeded 3 million meters, and each person contributed a well to the country for 16 consecutive years.
Patriotism is concrete and realistic. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "Patrioticism must not remain on the slogan. Instead, we must closely associate our ideals with the future of the motherland and our own lives with the destiny of the nation, and take root in the people and contribute to the country." Use my loyalty to fulfill the patriotic oath of "I donate oil for the motherland". Liu Dewei said, "The more we drill the well, the more oil can be produced in the country."
The 1205 team was a team brought by Iron Man Wang Jinxi. The veteran captain's vow of "sorrowing for the country and fighting for the nation" took root in the roots of the team members. What are the big things in the team? They are used to the Iron Man The old captain reports.
There are 47 steps in front of the Iron Man Wang Jinxi Memorial Hall, which symbolizes the short and extraordinary life of Iron Man 47 years. Every year, more than one million people visit here to study and remember heroes. The iron man ’s vow of "I would rather live 20 years less and desperately have to win the big oil field" is the most vivid sign of the years.
After the Daqing Oilfield was discovered, the Ministry of Petroleum decided to organize an oil battle. With the support of the Party Central Committee, petroleum workers from all over the country and more than 30,000 PLA officers and soldiers and students from colleges and universities gathered in Daqing from all directions to participate in this oil battle. The above picture shows the oil flow of the Mitsui Hijet industrial oil industry on September 26, 1959, marking the discovery of the Daqing Oilfield. The picture below shows the Battle Oath Division of the Petroleum Conference on April 29, 1960. Photo courtesy of Daqing Oilfield
In the early days of the founding of New China, the preciousness of oil had reached the point where even a drop of blood could not be exchanged for a drop of oil. In 1959, Wang Jinxi went to Beijing to participate in the "Community of Heroes" as a representative of the industrial front. He saw that the buses on Chang'an Street were carrying gas bags because of lack of oil. Alcohol and charcoal were burned in some places, some factories were forced to stop production, and many tractors, aircraft, and tanks were not working properly. Mr. Zhu, then chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, said with anxiety, "Without oil, tanks and cannons are better off hitting dogs."
The nation ’s thirst for oil is really difficult to express. With the expectations of New China, the first generation of entrepreneurs, including Wang Jinxi, came to Daqing from all directions and launched an arduous and vigorous oil battle. At the beginning of the battle, the workers shouted the slogans of "Three Musts" and "Ten Nos": First, they should shake off the backward hat of PetroChina; second, they must win large oil fields at a high speed and high level; , Glory for the country; no fear of suffering, no fear of death, no fame, no benefit, no attention to working conditions, no length of work, no consideration for remuneration, no distinction between positions, no distinction between internal and external, no distinction Forward and backward, dedicated to the victory of the battle.
Iron man Wang Jinxi once said that in order to win the big oil field, he would rather live 20 years less. In fact, he has lived less than 20 years. He worked for 10 years in Daqing, the last 10 years of his life. On October 1, 1970, Wang Jinxi went to Beijing to attend the National Day celebration. This was the last time people saw him in public. Only one month later, he died of overwork and died at the age of 47. The 36 members of the 1205 team that followed Wang Jinxi to Daqing, 29 died under the age of 60, of which 15 died under the age of 50. In the difficult start of industrial construction in New China, countless Republic builders like Wang Jinxi used their blood and life to paint the latest and most beautiful picture of the Republic, leaving behind one after another the names admired by future generations.
On September 25, 2019, the "Most Beautiful Struggle" commendation meeting held by the Central Propaganda Department and other organizations was held, and three generations of iron men Wang Jinxi, Wang Qimin, and Li Xinmin were gloriously elected. In his important instructions to this activity, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that in the extraordinary course of China ’s socialist revolution, construction, and reform, generations of fighters struggled and worked tirelessly, and numerous heroic models emerged. . With wisdom and sweat, even blood and life, they wrote a magnificent chapter for the prosperity of the country, the revitalization of the nation, and the happiness of the people. The hero models of all historical periods deserve our admiration and learning. The three generations of Iron Man, as the backbone of the country, the backbone of the nation, and the model of the times, need to be remembered forever.
Hit the water in the middle of a nail, do not forget the initial heart to help the voyage. "Being a good banner" is the expectation of the party and the country; "Building a century-old oilfield" is the mission of Daqing Petroleum in the new era. Daqing Oilfield will resolutely implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's letter of congratulations, carry forward the spirit of Daqing and the Iron Man, sing the song of the strugglers of the new era, steadily implement the "Outline of Daqing Oilfield Revitalization and Development", and strive to build a century-old oilfield for the country. Open oil fields facing the world, safe and environmentally friendly green oil fields, and happy oil fields with a better life.
Self-reliance and hard work
The oil battle is great, but greatness has always been accompanied by constant self-improvement and hard work.
At that time, after finding an oilfield in Daqing, some foreigners said: "The crude oil in Daqing Oilfield is sticky and thick, and it can be mined only by moving to the equator." And boasting that without them, "Chinese people cannot develop such a large oilfield." The fighting team refused to accept or believe in evil. They firmly stated: We have the ability to find large oil fields, and we will certainly be able to develop large oil fields. Compared with similar foreign oilfields, the United States took East Texas oilfield for 9 years, the Soviet Union took Romashkin oilfield for 3 years, and the Daqing oilfield took only one year from the first well injection to the proven Changyuan area In just three months, it took only three years to achieve a production capacity of 6 million tons of crude oil per year and realize the basic self-sufficiency of China's petroleum.
It is difficult for today's people to imagine the difficult conditions of that time. In the summer of 1960, it was rainy, with heavy rain outside and light rain in the house. Overnight, some people moved several times and couldn't find a place that didn't leak. Many people squeezed into a pile, put a rain cloth on top, and sat and slept. In winter, the coldest temperature approaches -40 ° C. The workers were working in the field, and the mud water splashed on the work clothes, and it quickly became hard, just like wearing ice armor, and they had to knock on it with a wooden stick before walking. The biggest difficulty is hunger. At the time of the three-year natural disaster, oil workers had only five or two food supplies a day, known as the "May Two, Three Meal War". Some people were hungry, and went to the ice to pick up frozen cabbage gangs and beet leaves to fill their hunger.
Why should such difficult conditions be met? Why is it still under great pressure? In the heart of the battle team, it is a small difficulty; not, it is a large difficulty. In order not to suffer the country, the great difficulties must also be solved.
It is under such extreme conditions of lack of food, no shelter, blue sky, and wasteland that the combat workers simply took down the battle and formed the "spirit of men to carry shoulders, the spirit of fighting against obstacles, and the revolutionary spirit of five spades." , The spirit of repairing the factory, the spirit of the recovery team, the spirit of repairing the old waste "six" hard work heirloom. "
Time is changing and the situation is changing. If we say that the hardships during the war are mainly reflected in the harsh natural environment and the lack of material conditions, then in the new development period, the form of difficulties has changed, but the degree of difficulty has not decreased: insufficient resource replacement, increased pressure to stabilize production, and foundation Aging facilities, heavy historical burdens of old companies ...
These problems are not obvious when the life of the company is getting better. Once they encounter external incentives, they will appear to varying degrees. Since 2014, international oil prices have fallen sharply. In 2016, the oil field fell into the first overall loss in history. In the voice of "looking down" from outside, the enterprise was once confused.
At a critical juncture, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized during the review of the Heilongjiang delegation at the Fourth Session of the Twelfth National People's Congress that as long as the spirit does not decline, the solution is more difficult than difficult. The encouragement and encouragement, care and love of the General Secretary inspired Daqing Petroleum. The red flag of Daqing must be made more colorful, so that the spirit of Daqing and the Iron Man will always shine!
In a series of themed educations such as "awakening traditional consciousness, returning to the strict style of practice", "researching, re-educating, and practicing the Daqing spirit, the Daqing spirit," the Daqing petroleum people realized that hard work is the most distinctive feature of the Daqing spirit and the iron man spirit, Daqing's heirloom. Hard work spirit cannot be lost!
A series of management measures were introduced, and "open source, cost reduction, cost reduction and efficiency improvement" were implemented in various work arrangements and deployments, using the hard constraints of the management system to achieve a hard reduction in cost and investment. The No. 2 Oil Production Plant repairs old and waste oil pipes for one year to reach one million meters, which can be connected from Daqing to Beijing; optimize and adjust the route of commuter cars, cancel 225 units a year, and save 38 million yuan in commuting costs ...
"Daqing is the Daqing people of Daqing. We participate in the development of Daqing, and we cope with the difficulties of Daqing." From the overall loss in 2016 to the production and operation indicators in mid-2017, the entire line became popular, and by the end of 2018, operating income and profit The total amount, taxes and fees hit the best level in 3 years, and the people of Daqing Petroleum have turned "hard days, hard days" into "sweet days, new days".
On the journey of advancing the development of enterprises, there will surely be greater difficulties and challenges, but the arrogance of "the oil workers roar and the earth shakes" is unabated and the pride is stronger. Riding the east wind of the spirit of General Secretary He Xin, in the presence of Daqing Petroleum, there were no ups and downs and no mountains that could not be conquered.
Challenges cannot dare to be the first
In front of the showcase on the first floor of the Daqing Petroleum Science and Technology Museum, there are quietly placed trophies and certificates that the Daqing Oilfield won the National Natural Science First Prize and the National Science and Technology Progress Special Prize. Behind the highest honor is a lively practice of inheriting the spirit of Daqing and the Iron Man from the generations of researchers in Daqing Oilfield and continuing to relay independent innovation.
History of development, history of innovation, history of science and technology, history of self-improvement.
Roughly arranging the road of high and stable production in Daqing Oilfield is surprisingly similar to the road of the Republic's forge ahead. It faces countless questions and denials, countless difficulties and challenges-
Does China have oil? Before the liberation, scholars from the University of Minnesota and Stanford University, the Mobil Petroleum Corps investigation team and Japan's Tokuo Inu and others issued a series of conclusions.
Is Daqing the second "Baku"? In the 1980s, there were pessimists who proposed that Daqing was "old and clean" and was about to become the second Baku oil field that was heading towards recession. Some foreign authorities who are exploring the frustrations of three times of oil recovery know that Daqing has begun to study polymer flooding technology, and dismissively said, "It is impossible to break through our unbroken technology."
Can the oilfield continue to improve recovery? In the late high water cut period, some international authoritative investigations asserted that Daqing Oilfield is not suitable for the ternary compound flooding technology at all. Throw a sentence before leaving: "You still forget the surfactant completely!"
Every advancement in scientific and technological research will drive the development of oilfields to new heights; every success in scientific and technological research will be transformed into huge production capacity.
The Chinese have never been afraid of difficulties, not from the beginning! In the view of Daqing Petroleum, "wells do not produce oil without pressure, people flutter without pressure"! How many authoritative experts only see the geological structure and chemical characteristics of Daqing, but they do not know how the stubborn will of the Daqing Petroleumers with the spirit of Daqing and the iron man has faced difficulties.
"Pioneer of reform" Wang Qimin, known as the "New Iron Man" of Daqing, which is "prospering oil with science and technology and maintaining stable production". At that time, Wang Qimin and a group of handsome teammates wrote a couplet: Mo looked at the young man, dare to laugh at the best in the world. Horizontal batch: Chuang will be here. They also deliberately wrote the word "horse" in the word "break" to break through the "door frame." Wang Qimin said to the research team: "We just have to rely on our own strength to break out of China's own oilfield development path!"
Over the past 60 years, Wang Qimin has had little time to enjoy the life of ordinary people. He and all the scientific and technical personnel have fought on the road of high-yield and stable production in the oil field. By relying on independent innovation, he has overcome many key core technologies such as off-surface reservoirs. Now he is 83 years old. Tackling new energy technologies. Some people say that he doesn't have the last name "king", but the last name "you".
In Daqing, the research team heard and encountered many scientific and technological workers with the surname "You", Cai Sheng, Tan Xueling, Feng Jiachao, Wang Demin, Wu Xiaolin, Sun Gang, Pei Mingbo ... when they approached them, they always felt that there was a special kind of Energy is inspiring you, and an invisible motivation is pulling you. Over the past 60 years, they have combined a high revolutionary spirit with a strict scientific attitude, adhered to "beyond authority, surpassed their predecessors, and surpassed themselves", innovated and developed a complete set of independent research and development, system support, and world-leading exploration and development technologies to build a country Energy land facies sandstone old oilfield continuous mining R & D center, Daqing oilfield intelligent command center, and 10 national and industry-level test and inspection centers. The main oilfield recovery rate is more than 50%, which is 10-15% higher than similar foreign oilfields. Facts have created Chinese miracles.
On September 29, 2019, Wang Qimin received the National People's Model Medal of Honor from General Secretary Xi Jinping in the Great Hall of the People, and received the highest standard of praise from the Republic. This is not only the honor of Wang Qimin alone, but also the glory of all Daqing Oilers.
The times are changing, the environment is changing, the ideas of Daqing Petroleum are also changing, but the hard core of innovation and truth is always fresh, without fear of fierce domestic and foreign market competition, facing the challenge of rejuvenating old state-owned enterprises. In the new era, Daqing Oiler Nirvana was reborn and re-created glory.
Dedication is the deepest footnote in the basic connotation of the Daqing spirit and the iron man spirit.
In the history room of the 107 team of the workover well in the underground operation branch of Daqing Oilfield, the research team saw a shocking emergency photo: In the sky snowflakes, a team member was surrounded by yellow foam ice armor formed by a mixture of oil and water. The high-pressure water gun spouted a water hose at the dumped pumping unit.
This is the scene when the workover 107 team participated in the rescue of Fang 402 on December 18, 2010. Well Fang 402 was located in Wuyaobao Town, Tonghe County, Heilongjiang Province. At the time, gas leaked from the wellhead and there were three oil storage tanks around it. The safety of the people nearby was seriously threatened. The high-pressure oil and gas in the oil well blasted the fire for more than 30 meters. The pumping unit has been burned and fractured. After more than 80 fire trucks extinguished the fire, the wellhead still blasted with oil and gas.
To shut off the bottom hole pressure, all wellhead valves must be closed manually. Eight party members and cadres of the 107 workover team, wearing heavy fire-resistant clothing, tied with safety ropes around their waists, rushed to the front line of life and death with oil and water without knee depth. After a six-hour death battle, the well that had been out of control for nearly 40 hours was completely subdued.
The photo records a thrilling scene in the rescue, and next to the photo is a letter of determination written on the name. This is a "birth and death" signed by the team members before the first rescue.
Always put yourself last, put the needs of the country and people first. In Daqing Petroleum, you can feel their red heart and dedication soul at all times. When the country and the cause need it, they choose to dedicate and persist as always.
The dedication factor in the spirit of Daqing and the Iron Man has a deep source of living water. This is what the employees praised during the battle—dedication.
Wang Jinxi said: "I would rather live 20 years less and work hard to win the big oil field!"
Wang Qimin said, "Rather than exhausting your efforts, you must make the oil field stable and high again!"
Li Xinmin said: "I would rather go through all kinds of dangers and donate oil for the motherland!"
The vows made by the three generations of iron men in different periods fully reflect the noble character of Daqing Petroleum, who is willing to contribute to the motherland, the people and the cause.
"If you choose to suffer, you choose to harvest, and if you choose to dedicate, you choose noble." General Secretary Xi Jinping's interpretation of dedication is precisely the deep understanding of Daqing Oil Company's silent dedication.
After more than half a century of hard work, Daqing Oilfield not only took on the sacred duty of "Republic tanker" and made great contributions to the protection of national energy security, but also strived to create a harmonious relationship between man and nature, and the production of crude oil and environmental protection. "The Capital of Green Oil". The picture shows the cluster wells of Daqing Oilfield located next to Yandu Lake in the urban area. Xinhua News Agency reporter Wang Jianwei / photo
In the oil area of more than 6000 square kilometers, devotees can be seen everywhere, and the stories of devotees can't be told-Yang Zhenyu, who is still studying the surfactant in the last few days of his life, works in the vast Hulunbuir Prairie, supplies Transportation was difficult, so Liu Jun and his teammates carried more than 10 tons of production equipment with backpacks by "ant moving"; the average age was less than 28 years old, and more than 1.6 million rounds of perforating bullets were assembled each year to connect 350,000 meters of detonation cords. The women's artillery squad accompanied by danger all the time ... More famous and unknown heroes are silently dedicating to the big oil fields they infinitely love and the better future of the motherland.
Entering a new era, Daqing Petroleum is committed to building a solid bottom line for national energy security and the lifeline of economic development. It regards the pursuit of the oil dream and the realization of the Chinese dream as a more important value concept than the bitter happiness of personal life. Regret and dedicate to the people.
Research all the way, touch all the way, think all the way, get excited all the way.
Walking into the Daqing Oilfield that has accompanied the growth of New China and understanding the Daqing Oilers who have experienced 60 years of experience, everyone will feel that "spiritual Daqing" is as tangible and touchable as "material Daqing". It's next to the pumping unit that doesn't want to leave day or night; It's under the night light of the laboratory; It's in the team spirit of "Always ready: Fight me, use me win"; 7 days a week, 24 days a day Hours, unforgettable moments and constant dedication.
In the past of Yijiazi, the Daqing spirit and the Iron Man spirit have been continuously enriched and perfected along with the development of oil fields, the needs of the country, and the call of the times. This has nourished the Daqing Oilers, represented by three generations of Iron Man, and inspired the Chinese people to move forward without fear of difficulties.
Time is old and spirit is eternal. A great cause requires a great spirit; a Chinese miracle requires Chinese power. Standing at a new historical starting point, Daqing Oilers are marching forward in the direction guided by the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's letter of congratulations! ("Search for Truth" Culture Editorial Department, Daqing Oilfield Party Committee Joint Investigation Team)